An Achilles rupture is a tear that occurs when the tendon is stretched too far and too quickly with an extreme movement—such as in a forceful start, a sudden stop or pivot, or a trip or fall. A complete tear may produce an audible popping noise with extreme sudden pain and an inability to walk.
Achilles tendon bursitis, also known as retrocalcaneal bursitis, is a condition caused by swelling and irritation of the retrocalcaneal bursa. This is a fluid-filled sac that provides cushioning between the heel bone and the Achilles tendon at the back of the heel.
Treatment of Achilles Tendon Injuries
Proper and immediate care is critical in treating Achilles tendon injuries to eliminate painful and sometimes debilitating symptoms, and to avoid the condition worsening and becoming more complicated over time.
Depending on the type and severity of the injury, a podiatrist may treat an Achilles tendon injury with one or more of the following methods:
- RICE method - Rest/Ice/Compression/Elevation
- Physical therapy
- Casts or walking boots
- Surgery in the case of a complete rupture, surgery may be necessary to repair the tendon.
Certain Achilles tendon injuries can sometimes be avoided by wearing supportive footwear, properly warming up and cooling down and resting between workouts. Also, strengthening the calf muscles, and gradually intensifying activity levels rather than doing so abruptly will help.
Schedule an appointment with your podiatrist to have your Achilles tendon pain diagnosed and treated or to learn about how to help prevent this from occurring.